Sea Port SO2 Atmospheric Emissions Influence on Air Quality and Exposure at Veracruz, Mexico

José Agustín García Reynoso, Rodolfo Sosa Echeverría

Atmosphere | Volume 13 Issue 12 

Autores: Gilberto Fuentes García, Rodolfo Sosa Echeverría, Agustín García Reynoso*, José María Baldasano Recio, Víctor Magaña Rueda, Armando Retama Hernández and Jonathan D. W. Kahl

* Ciencias Ambientales | Contaminación Ambiental



n this work, we identify the current atmospheric sulfur dioxide emissions of the Veracruz port, an important Mexican seaport experiencing rapid growth, and its influence on the surrounding areas. Sulfur dioxide emissions based on port activity, as well as meteorology and air quality simulations, are used to assess the impact. It was found that using marine fuel with low sulfur content reduces emissions by 88%. Atmospheric emission estimates based on the bottom-up methodology range from 3 to 7 Mg/year and can negatively impact air quality up to 3 km downwind. After evaluating different characteristics of vessels in CALPUFF, it was found that maximum sulfur dioxide concentrations ranging between 50 and 88 µg/m3 for a 24-h average occurred 500 m from the port. During 2019, five days had unsatisfactory air quality. The combination of a shallow planetary boundary layer, low wind speed, and large atmospheric emissions significantly degraded local air quality.