Autores: Rafael Silva-Quiroz, Ana Leonor Rivera, Paulina Ordoñez. Carlos Gay-Garcia*, Alejandro Frank
* Departamento de Ciencias Atmosféricas | CCA
tmospheric pollution in cities is due to several human factors, for instance the number of cars in circulation, fuel efficiency and industrial waste, as well as orographic and meteorological conditions that determine air circulation. Ozone contingencies cause health disorders on the population, making it important to understand the factors that trigger such contingencies. Here, we analyze meteorological (wind, temperature, relative humidity) and atmospheric composition (ozone, and NOx) data of five atmospheric monitoring stations on Mexico City, from March 2004 to May 2018, comparing normal days with the extreme days in the 90th percentile of ozone. Moreover, we present the synoptic patterns of the seasonal differences of geopotential height at 500 hPa between extreme and control days. We found that, in the dry-hot season (from March to May) an atmospheric blockage with meteorological conditions of almost no wind, low relative humidity, and small temperature fluctuations occurs. Because the air in the city permanently contains large amounts of ozone precursors like NOx, this meteorological scenario raises ozone levels to those of an environmental contingency. Thus, during the dry-hot season on Mexico City, ozone contingencies are triggered by atmospheric blocking. This scenario will be present in cities surrounded by mountains with high levels of Ozone precursors.